Resistance Nest Nicolle Tower
Nicolle Tower was built in 1821 for Philippe Nicolle as a folly house on the site of an earlier navigation tower on Mont Ubé. It is adjacent to the Mont Ubé dolmen. During the occupation of the Channel Islands the German forces made some modifications to this tower, extending its height with a new top floor, including narrow windows, so that they could use the tower as an observation post. There are other structures near-by, including gun emplacements, and bunkers which were constructed during the occupation.
WWII documented info:
Location: The Resistance Nest Nicolle Tower is a Second Line Resistance Nest
Complement: Two NCOs and sixteen Other Ranks. Reserve: two officers, six NCOs and four Artillery Other Ranks
Unit’s Weapons: Three light Machine Gun 34’s (also with heavy machine gun mounts)
Static Weapons: One 4.7cm Czechoslovakian Anti-Tank gun mounted with a Machine Gun and one bazooka
Battle Orders: The Resistance Nest Nicolle Tower with Strongpoint La Motte has battle orders to defend against attack from the sea, land and air. Penetration in the intervening areas, the area of the brook, Golf Course or the grounds of Samarés [Samarés Manor] enemy air landings are to be destroyed by gun-fire. Enemy approaching the Resistance Nest are to be subdued by counter-attack. Further defence of the Resistance Nest is the responsibility of Artillery Observation Post Nicolle Tower
Battle Command: By attempts at landing from the sea work in co-operation with the Strongpoint La Motte. By air landings work in co-operation with the inland advancing fighting groups
1943 German Map of the Position
• Always get permission from the owner
• Take a torch, a spare and one more for luck
• Don't go alone & tell someone where you will be and for how long
• You will get dirty as most are often full of rubbish and may have been used as a public toilet
• Anything you find still belongs to the person that owns the property
• Unexploded ordnance is still found in Jersey if you see or find anything that looks like ordnance please call the bomb disposal officer on 01534 612 612.
Widerstandsnest (WN) = Resistance Nest (RN)
Small pocket of resistance, these would be made up of small groups of up to 10 men with light weapons. They would man Anti-tank weapons, an observation post or a field gun.
Stützpunkt St.P = Strongpoint (STP)
Next level up from an RN and consisted of several RN's. STP areas would have a combination of weapons and different branches of the military used. Examples of this can be found with Strongpoint Greve de Lecq and Strongpoint Corbiere
Einsatzstellung = Operational Position or Action Post
Smaller MG type position generally it was only maned during an alert
Feldwache = Field Watch
Jäger Casemate was a special design and name for bunkers designed to hold a 10.5cm field gun
Sources of Information
German Documents are housed at The National Archived in Washington or Archive in Kew UK
T-78 Roll 318
T-78 Roll 317
T-315 Roll 1639
T-315 Roll 1643
T-311 Roll 27
T-312 Roll 1545
Operation Green Arrows - Occupation of the Channel Islands MOD 584
Allied Technical Intelligence Reports 1944-45
German Preparations for Invasion of the United Kingdom 1941-42
B-833, 319th Infantry Division (1941-45)
German Seacoast Defenses, European Theatre - prepared by the Seacoast Artillery Evaluation Board
Jersey Occupied by Michael Ginns - ISBN 978-1-905095-29-2
Operation Nestegg Plans
Operation Hardtack Plans
Operation Basalt Plans
RAF Photos care of The National Collection of Aerial Photography
Bundesarchiv - Multiple Photos - and Files
A Map of slave labour camps. Kindly Provided by Emilio Pérez
Photo's and information provided by fans
Onsite visits & internet research
After the Battle Multiple Magazines
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Links of other excellent websites and people you must support.
The National Trust for Jersey are a fantastic group and we can not praise them enough for the work they do. Please go support them as their vision is to permanently protect Jersey's natural beauty, rich wildlife and historic places for everyone to enjoy and experience.
Jersey Heritage look after multiple sites most with links to the Second World War and all worth a visit. The archive they have is amazing and one of the best sources of information. It can be used online or in person and we ask you to please support all they do.
The Channel Island Occupation Society are guardians of 5 sites which have all been restored or have been made to look like they did in the Second World War. Visits to these sites help fund the work they do and we encourage you to take a look at the opening times and visit them. They also have a wide range of books and reviews, all of which are an excellent resource for education.
Whether you are an established Battlefield Guide, retired from the craft, interested in how it is done or considering a future in guiding, the International Guild of Battlefield Guides is for you. Kimberley and Phil are both associate members and recommend you visit their website to show support.