STP Victoria Tower

Documenting the past for future generations


STP Victoria Tower

This tower is a Martello, and was the last tower to be built in Jersey. It was constructed in 1837, and named after Queen Victoria to commemorate her accession to the throne. Victoria Tower would have been one of the first military buildings to be constructed under the reign of the newly crowned queen.

The purpose of the tower was to prevent the enemy landing at Anne Port and to prohibit access to Mont Saint Nicolas, thus safe-guarding Mont Orgueil. Following a survey of the island's fortifications by Lieut.-Colonel G. G. Lewis (the Commanding Officer of the Royal Engineers), in 1831, the Defence Committee ordered a series of forts to be built. The tower was constructed under the guidance of Lieutenant-Colonel K. H. Oldfield, the Commanding Engineer in Jersey.

During the 20th century, the German occupying forces also fortified this hill-top, but most of their works are now inaccessible. The requisitioned land was used as the headquarters for the 2nd Battalion Artillery Regiment 3, who built 3 bunkers. One had eight rooms and was used as a telephone exchange. The others were 2 roomed and served as sleeping quarters for the troops. The Germans heavily armed Victoria Tower and equipped it with flame-throwers and machine-guns. The tower also had an anti-aircraft position mounted on the roof.

Information Source: National Trust for Jersey.



WWII info:

Location: The Strongpoint Victoria Tower, between Resistance Nest Gorey Harbour and Resistance Nest Archirondel Tower, lies somewhere on the land side behind Resistance Nest Mount Orgueil Castle.

Complement: Four NCOs and twenty-four Other Ranks. Reserve: Three officers, eleven NCOs and thirty-six Artillery Other Ranks and one NCO and twenty Naval Ratings.

Unit’s Weapons: Three light Machine Gun 34’s (two also with heavy Machine Gun mounts)

Static Weapons: Two 5cm French mortars, two 20cm spigot mortars, two 3.7cm Anti-Tank guns, one 4.7cm Czechoslovakian Anti-Tank gun mounted with a Machine Gun [mounted on a revolving platform and camouflaged as a summerhouse], one medium flamethrower, one 40cm searchlight, one 150cm searchlight (Garenne House), two light Machine Gun 34’s of the Artillery, two Machine Gun 08’s of the Artillery and three 2cm Anti-Aircraft guns of the Navy.

Battle Orders: The Strongpoint Victoria Tower has in particular orders to defend Gorey Harbour and Anne Port Bay from enemy landings from the sea and through fire to prevent attack from land and air. Additional defence with infantry. The Battalion Command Post of II/Artillery Regiment 319 and the Radio Location Apparatus [Radar] of the Navy.

Battle Command: By attack against Gorey Harbour work together with Resistance Nest Gorey Harbour, by attack against the Strongpoint work together with the Artillery and Navy

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1943 7th Army German Map of the Position

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1943 German Map of the Position

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1943 German Range Map of the Position

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1943 Aerial Photo


The Tower
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MG Positions
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Command Bunker
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WWII Photos
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Shellters
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Exploring bunkers:

• Always get permission from the owner
• Take a torch, a spare and one more for luck
• Don't go alone & tell someone where you will be and for how long
• You will get dirty as most are often full of rubbish and may have been used as a public toilet
• Anything you find still belongs to the person that owns the property
Unexploded ordnance is still found in Jersey if you see or find anything that looks like ordnance please call the bomb disposal officer on 01534 612 612.

Jargon Help

Widerstandsnest (WN) = Resistance Nest (RN)
Small pocket of resistance, these would be made up of small groups of up to 10 men with light weapons. They would man Anti-tank weapons, an observation post or a field gun.

Stützpunkt St.P = Strongpoint (STP)
Next level up from an RN and consisted of several RN's. STP areas would have a combination of weapons and different branches of the military used. Examples of this can be found with Strongpoint Greve de Lecq and Strongpoint Corbiere

Einsatzstellung = Operational Position or Action Post
Smaller MG type position generally it was only maned during an alert

Feldwache = Field Watch

Jäger Casemate was a special design and name for bunkers designed to hold a 10.5cm field gun

Sources of Information

German Documents are housed at The National Archived in Washington or Archive in Kew UK
T-78 Roll 318
T-78 Roll 317
T-315 Roll 1639
T-315 Roll 1643
T-311 Roll 27
T-312 Roll 1545

Operation Green Arrows - Occupation of the Channel Islands MOD 584
Allied Technical Intelligence Reports 1944-45
German Preparations for Invasion of the United Kingdom 1941-42
B-833, 319th Infantry Division (1941-45)
German Seacoast Defenses, European Theatre - prepared by the Seacoast Artillery Evaluation Board
Jersey Occupied by Michael Ginns - ISBN 978-1-905095-29-2



Operation Nestegg Plans
Operation Hardtack Plans
Operation Basalt Plans
RAF Photos care of The National Collection of Aerial Photography
Bundesarchiv - Multiple Photos - and Files
A Map of slave labour camps. Kindly Provided by Emilio Pérez
Photo's and information provided by fans
Onsite visits & internet research
After the Battle Multiple Magazines

If we have used any photos or information which you believe to posted without permission, please contact us at info@jerseywartours.com

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The National Trust for Jersey are a fantastic group and we can not praise them enough for the work they do. Please go support them as their vision is to permanently protect Jersey's natural beauty, rich wildlife and historic places for everyone to enjoy and experience.

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