STP Plemont
Strongpoint Plemont

In 2014 we were asked by The National Trust For Jersey (NT) if we could help them with documenting their work in returning the Plemont site back to nature. Plemont was a large Strongpoint during the Occupation and later became the site of an abandoned and derelict Pontins Holiday Camp. The land was purchased by the trust with the aim to return it back to nature as well as protecting the WWII fortifications that remained. We quickly agreed to help and were given unrestricted access to the site for this purpose as well as the NT allowing us to produce a full research page of the site. We worked closely with the developers, through the trust, as well as others providing details of where we believed some of the lost bunkers to be. It was important to us that we found all of the remaining bunkers to make sure the demolition of the holiday camp did not also take out a bunker. Our work below shows what a great job the National Trust have done and we are also glad to report that from our work we were able to save one of the bunkers from being lost for ever.

WWII History of the site.

After the Germans arrived in July 1940 they quickly set up defensive positions across the Channel Islands. The troopsof the 216th Infantry Division who would have setup field emplacements at Plemont. The area was an important site as the communications cable to Guernsey left Jersey from there. It also was a holiday camp which would have been useful for billeting the soldiers. 319th IR arrive and reinforced field positions are put in place in different levels becoming a Strongpoint.

Complement: Four NCO twenty-eight other ranks

Weapons:
Three light Machine Gun 34’s
Two LeMG34
Two SMG34 on a Anti-Aircraft mount
Two 5cm mortar
One 20cm Spigot mortar
One MG311(f) in a APX-R turret
One FT17 Turret
40 & 60cm searchlight.
Five Abwehrflammenwerfer 42



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German Map from 1940 showing the cable link to Guernsey from Plemont


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October 1941 and the German map shows a lot more activity, including 72 mines.

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Map of Strongpoint Plemont showing Reinforced Positions

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1943 Map shows the strongpoint with two minefields, the M3 Army observation Bunker and the planed site of a third minefield as well as the MP-4 Naval fortress strength Observation Tower. Also on this map you can see the markings for the two turreted ring stands with directional arrows.

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1944 RAF Aerial Photo


Below are photos & video from our first site visit and flight.


Site of Interest 1.
M3 Army Observation Bunker

The M3 is a reinforced field type bunker built by the German Army in 1942 to provide a range for the Artillery Batteries. The M3 was one of many positioned around the coast providing range and positioning of targets at sea. When we first visited the site it was hard to tell this bunker was still there. The last three photos show some of the German graffiti which was painted over but is now becoming more clear.
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Site of Interest 2 Ringstand

This is a mortar ringstand which the camp converted to a waste furness. Because of this the damage was unrepairable and the structure faced collapse. It was agreed to fill it with cement so that it would remain on the site for many years to come. It most likely housed a 5cm Mortar.
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Site of Interest 3 Machine Gun Emplacement and Shelter

The personnel shelter has been constructed using a British Anderson Shelter. The French received many of these from Britain which the Germans captured and brought them to the islands to use for their troops.
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Site of Interest 4 Personnel Shelter

No sign was ever found of this shelter circled in red. On a post on Unseen Jersey a member kindly shared this holiday snap from the camp. It looks like the personnel bunker in the red circle and has a very interesting wording of "GESTEINBOHR Kp 77" meaning Rock Drilling Company 77.

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Site of Interest 5 Barbedwire Perimeter

Remains of the barbwire perimeter are still found at the site.
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Site of Interest 6 Turret Ringstand


This looked to be a ringstand with a tank turret on top. It is buried and we were not able to dig down to see if it is still there. It is most likely to be for the MG311(f) in a APX-R turret.

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Site of Interest 7 Ringstand for a 20cm Spigot mortar

This position was identified very clearly on the research but as you can see above there was no trace on our first few months of visits. Then close to the last months of demolition we spotted what looked to be this bunker buried. We alerted both the fortifications officer and the NT site manager and thankfully this position was saved.

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Site of Interest 8. Buried Bunker Anti Aircraft Flak spotting bunker.


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Site of Interest 9 Antiaircraft Position & Shelter


Two SMG34 on a Anti-Aircraft mount built on a German platform camouflaged to look like a small round tower. This was built on top of a old Guard House.

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Site of Interest 10.
Searchlight Bunker, Ringstand and Shelter

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Exploring bunkers:

• Always get permission from the owner
• Take a torch, a spare and one more for luck
• Don't go alone & tell someone where you will be and for how long
• You will get dirty as most are often full of rubbish and may have been used as a public toilet
• Anything you find still belongs to the person that owns the property
Unexploded ordnance is still found in Jersey if you see or find anything that looks like ordnance please call the bomb disposal officer on 01534 612 612.

Jargon Help

Widerstandsnest (WN) = Resistance Nest (RN)
Small pocket of resistance, these would be made up of small groups of up to 10 men with light weapons. They would man Anti-tank weapons, an observation post or a field gun.

Stützpunkt St.P = Strongpoint (STP)
Next level up from an RN and consisted of several RN's. STP areas would have a combination of weapons and different branches of the military used. Examples of this can be found with Strongpoint Greve de Lecq and Strongpoint Corbiere

Einsatzstellung = Operational Position or Action Post
Smaller MG type position generally it was only maned during an alert

Feldwache = Field Watch

Jäger Casemate was a special design and name for bunkers designed to hold a 10.5cm field gun

Sources of Information

German Documents are housed at The National Archived in Washington or Archive in Kew UK
T-78 Roll 318
T-78 Roll 317
T-315 Roll 1639
T-315 Roll 1643
T-311 Roll 27
T-312 Roll 1545

Operation Green Arrows - Occupation of the Channel Islands MOD 584
Allied Technical Intelligence Reports 1944-45
German Preparations for Invasion of the United Kingdom 1941-42
B-833, 319th Infantry Division (1941-45)
German Seacoast Defenses, European Theatre - prepared by the Seacoast Artillery Evaluation Board
Jersey Occupied by Michael Ginns - ISBN 978-1-905095-29-2



Operation Nestegg Plans
Operation Hardtack Plans
Operation Basalt Plans
RAF Photos care of The National Collection of Aerial Photography
Bundesarchiv - Multiple Photos - and Files
A Map of slave labour camps. Kindly Provided by Emilio Pérez
Photo's and information provided by fans
Onsite visits & internet research
After the Battle Multiple Magazines

If we have used any photos or information which you believe to posted without permission, please contact us at info@jerseywartours.com

Links of other excellent websites and people you must support.

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The National Trust for Jersey are a fantastic group and we can not praise them enough for the work they do. Please go support them as their vision is to permanently protect Jersey's natural beauty, rich wildlife and historic places for everyone to enjoy and experience.

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Jersey Heritage look after multiple sites most with links to the Second World War and all worth a visit. The archive they have is amazing and one of the best sources of information. It can be used online or in person and we ask you to please support all they do.

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The Channel Island Occupation Society are guardians of 5 sites which have all been restored or have been made to look like they did in the Second World War. Visits to these sites help fund the work they do and we encourage you to take a look at the opening times and visit them. They also have a wide range of books and reviews, all of which are an excellent resource for education.

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Whether you are an established Battlefield Guide, retired from the craft, interested in how it is done or considering a future in guiding, the International Guild of Battlefield Guides is for you. Kimberley and Phil are both associate members and recommend you visit their website to show support.