Batterie Ludendorff
2./HKAR 1265 Batterie Ludendorff


Situated in Fields close to St Ouen's Church and Scout hall. The Observation position was built on St Ouen's Mill and some of the ammunition shelters were been modified as nuclear monitoring stations for the cold war. There were three Anti-Aircraft weapons (3.7c, Flak 37) and three 21 cm Mörser 18 guns in open emplacements. Some of the emplacements can still been seen today. The Batterie was manned by 130 soldiers.

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Gun positions

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Gun positions 1943

The Guns
3 x 21 cm Mörser 18
Specifications

Designer: Krupp
Manufacturer: Krupp
Produced: 1939–45
Number built: 711+
Weight: 16,700 kg (36,817 lbs)
Barrel length: 6.51 m (21 ft 4 in) L/30
Shell: separate-loading cased ammunition (6 charges)
Shell weight: 113 kg (249 lb) (HE)
Caliber: 211 mm (8.30 in)
Breech: horizontal sliding block
Recoil: dual-recoil hydropneumatic
Carriage: box trail
Elevation: -6° to +70°
Traverse: 16° on wheels / 360° on platform
Muzzle velocity: 550 m/s (1,804 ft/s)
Effective firing range: 11miles



Gun Emplacement 1
Batterie Ludendorff, 360 of one of the Three 21cm Morser 18 howitzers emplacements. It had a 11 mile range - Spherical Image - RICOH THETA

Gun Emplacement 2
Post from RICOH THETA. - Spherical Image - RICOH THETA

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Forward Observation Tower
The German Forces had the Mill at St Ouen converted to a forward observation tower for Batterie Ludendorff.



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Exploring bunkers:

• Always get permission from the owner
• Take a torch, a spare and one more for luck
• Don't go alone & tell someone where you will be and for how long
• You will get dirty as most are often full of rubbish and may have been used as a public toilet
• Anything you find still belongs to the person that owns the property
Unexploded ordnance is still found in Jersey if you see or find anything that looks like ordnance please call the bomb disposal officer on 01534 612 612.

Jargon Help

Widerstandsnest (WN) = Resistance Nest (RN)
Small pocket of resistance, these would be made up of small groups of up to 10 men with light weapons. They would man Anti-tank weapons, an observation post or a field gun.

Stützpunkt St.P = Strongpoint (STP)
Next level up from an RN and consisted of several RN's. STP areas would have a combination of weapons and different branches of the military used. Examples of this can be found with Strongpoint Greve de Lecq and Strongpoint Corbiere

Einsatzstellung = Operational Position or Action Post
Smaller MG type position generally it was only maned during an alert

Feldwache = Field Watch

Jäger Casemate was a special design and name for bunkers designed to hold a 10.5cm field gun

Sources of Information

German Documents are housed at The National Archived in Washington or Archive in Kew UK
T-78 Roll 318
T-78 Roll 317
T-315 Roll 1639
T-315 Roll 1643
T-311 Roll 27
T-312 Roll 1545

Operation Green Arrows - Occupation of the Channel Islands MOD 584
Allied Technical Intelligence Reports 1944-45
German Preparations for Invasion of the United Kingdom 1941-42
B-833, 319th Infantry Division (1941-45)
German Seacoast Defenses, European Theatre - prepared by the Seacoast Artillery Evaluation Board
Jersey Occupied by Michael Ginns - ISBN 978-1-905095-29-2
Operation Nestegg Plans
Operation Hardtack Plans
Operation Basalt Plans
RAF Photos care of The National Collection of Aerial Photography
Bundesarchiv - Multiple Photos - and Files
A Map of slave labour camps. Kindly Provided by Emilio Pérez
Photo's and information provided by fans
Onsite visits & internet research
After the Battle Multiple Magazines

If we have used any photos or information which you believe to posted without permission, please contact us at info@jerseywartours.com

Links of other excellent websites and people you must support.

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The National Trust for Jersey are a fantastic group and we can not praise them enough for the work they do. Please go support them as their vision is to permanently protect Jersey's natural beauty, rich wildlife and historic places for everyone to enjoy and experience.

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Jersey Heritage look after multiple sites most with links to the Second World War and all worth a visit. The archive they have is amazing and one of the best sources of information. It can be used online or in person and we ask you to please support all they do.

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The Channel Island Occupation Society are guardians of 5 sites which have all been restored or have been made to look like they did in the Second World War. Visits to these sites help fund the work they do and we encourage you to take a look at the opening times and visit them. They also have a wide range of books and reviews, all of which are an excellent resource for education.

GBG
Whether you are an established Battlefield Guide, retired from the craft, interested in how it is done or considering a future in guiding, the International Guild of Battlefield Guides is for you. Kimberley and Phil are both associate members and recommend you visit their website to show support.