Jersey Aircraft Crashes

Of all the air crashes during the war the actions of Charles Paul Victor Roche need to be honoured and remembered. Charles was the civilian manager of the airport during the Occupation and he ordered the grass to be cut shorter than the regulation 4 inch's. Charles knew that the German aircraft would suffer landing failures due to this. This was unnoticed by the Germans and the reason for so many failed landings at the airport.
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Identity card of Charles Roche
Courtesy of Jersey Heritage
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23 August 1940 a Junkers Ju 52 from IV KGr.z.b.V. 10 suffered mechanical failure and crashed at Jersey Airport, 70% loss


1 November 1940, a Dornier Do 17P from 3./(F) 123 of (Aufklärungsgruppe 123 a long-range reconnaissance unit) on a training flight crashed on La Rocco Tower while attempting to land at Jersey Airport. All 4 on board died and plane destroyed



3 November 1940, a Junkers Ju 88A-1 from 1./(F) 123 crashed at Jersey Airport following a technical failure. 20% damage, crew OK


5 November 1940, a Bücker Bü 131 from 1./(F) 123 crashed at Rozel Jersey the parachute failed and the pilot died.


 5 November 1940, a Junkers Ju 88A-1 from 3./(F) 123 crashed at Jersey Airport. 40% destroyed.



7 November 1940, a Junkers Ju 52 crashed and overturned at Jersey Airport. Casualties over 20, mainly pilots who had finished a training course


27 December 1940, a German aircraft, maybe a Junkers Ju 52 crashes and burns at Jersey Airport



16 January 1941, a Junkers Ju 52 crashed off St Catherines breakwater


22 January 1941, a Junkers Ju 88A from 2 (F)/123 crashed at Jersey Airport due to pilot error on landing, 15% damage, crew OK.



19 February 1941, a Dornier Do 17P from 3./(F) 123 crashed at Jersey Airport. 30% destroyed.



20 February 1941, a Junkers Ju 52A-5 from 5./(F) 122 crashed at Jersey Airport following damage from enemy Supermarine Spitfire fire. 25% damage. One wounded


27 February 1941, a Junkers Ju 52crashed at Jersey Airport.


10 March 1941, a Junkers Ju 88F from 5 (F)/122 collided at Jersey Airport suffering 50% damage with another Junkers Ju 88F-5 (F)/122, suffering 80% damage.


14 March 1941, a Junkers Ju 88A from 3 (F)/123  crashed at La Corbière Jersey, crew KIA. 100% loss.


3 October 1941, a Junkers Ju 88A-5 collided with another JU88 at Jersey Airport, crew OK.


29 December 1941, a Messerschmitt Bf 109F-2 crashed at Saint Ouen, Jerseyfollowing engine failure, pilot OK


2 January 1942, an aircraft crashed in Bouley Bay Jersey after being shot down by an RAF plane.




7 December 1942, a Westland Whirlwind from No. 263 Squadron RAF crashed, after flying through heavy flak, south of Jersey after attacking shipping in St. Helier harbour.


7 December 1942, a Westland Whirlwind from No. 263 Squadron RAF piloted by the Sqdn Leader was hit by flak and ditched south of Jersey after attacking shipping. The pilot was killed.



10 April 1943, a Vickers Wellingtonfrom 431 Sqdn, came down in Saint Ouen


13 June 1943, a Supermarine SpitfireII from No. 276 Squadron RAF was shot down by a Focke-Wulf Fw 190 and crashed, the pilot paddled ashore in Jersey.



13 June 1943, a seaplane crashed north of Jersey on take off, after rescuing downed British pilot, crew hurt



5 June 1943, a Dornier Do 18seaplane crashes on take off at Saint HelierJersey, the Pilot broke both legs.


7 February 1944, a Mustang P-51Bof the 354th Pioneer Mustang Group, 355th Fighter Squadron, 9th US Army Air Force, escorting bombers back from a raid on Germany was badly damaged and off course when he was shot down by flak over Saint Ouen, Jersey. The pilot bailed out and was injured on landing then captured, becoming a prisoner of war.



6 April 1944, a Junkers Ju 88A-4 crashed at Eden Chapel, St Martin Jersey Shot down in error by flak Crew x 4 KIA.




23 April 1944, an unknown aircraft washed ashore La Rocque 


8 June 1944 a Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress "Our Captain" from 534th Bombardment Squadron, part of 381 BG, on mission 131 was hit by flak and losing height ditched 30 miles west of Jersey. Two Supermarine Spitfires located the crew in their rafts, followed by a Vickers Wellington which dropped a motor boat by parachute, enabling the crew to make their safe escape


14 June 1944, a Hawker Typhoon (registered: MN661) from 263 squadron crashed on Jersey, the Belgian pilot was killed.



20 June 1944, a Heinkel He 111 crashed in flames at Samarès Jersey.


June 23rd 1944 Failed to Return (FTR) France Pilot Lt Walter R. Davis

P-47 Thunderbolt crashed at the bottom of Jubilee hill, June 23rd 1944. Failed to Return (FTR) France, pilot Lt Walter R. Davis. P-47C-5 #41-6358 was from the 510th Fighter Squadron, 405th Fighter Group of the IXAF. The aircraft was nicknamed "California or Bust" & the D-Day invasion stripes are still visible on the photos. Lt Davis crashed due to a technical problem on the Channel Island of Jersey June 23, 1944 after returning from a bombing mission on Le Mans. He was taken prisoner.
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 9/10 August 1944, a Short Stirling from 620 Sqdn on Operation Ditcher, ditched into the sea after being hit by anti-aircraft fire between Jersey and the French coast. The crew of 7 survived but 2 paratroopers from 3SAS drowned.



30 October 1944, a Douglas C-47 Skytrain already in trouble due to tech problems as it passed low over Jersey with its landing lights on as a sign of distress. Distress flares were dropped and German flak held off for a while. However, as it flew over the north coast a 20mm flak battery opened up and the plane crashed into the sea near to a small harbour. There was only one survivor.



7 January 1945, a Lockheed P-38 Lightning crashed into the cliffs at Beauport, SW of Jersey, the wounded pilot, Lt Moutray, was rescued from St Brelades Bay





Exploring bunkers:

• Always get permission from the owner
• Take a torch, a spare and one more for luck
• Don't go alone & tell someone where you will be and for how long
• You will get dirty as most are often full of rubbish and may have been used as a public toilet
• Anything you find still belongs to the person that owns the property
Unexploded ordnance is still found in Jersey if you see or find anything that looks like ordnance please call the bomb disposal officer on 01534 612 612.

Jargon Help

Widerstandsnest (WN) = Resistance Nest (RN)
Small pocket of resistance, these would be made up of small groups of up to 10 men with light weapons. They would man Anti-tank weapons, an observation post or a field gun.

Stützpunkt St.P = Strongpoint (STP)
Next level up from an RN and consisted of several RN's. STP areas would have a combination of weapons and different branches of the military used. Examples of this can be found with Strongpoint Greve de Lecq and Strongpoint Corbiere

Einsatzstellung = Operational Position or Action Post
Smaller MG type position generally it was only maned during an alert

Feldwache = Field Watch

Jäger Casemate was a special design and name for bunkers designed to hold a 10.5cm field gun

Sources of Information

German Documents are housed at The National Archived in Washington or Archive in Kew UK
T-78 Roll 318
T-78 Roll 317
T-315 Roll 1639
T-315 Roll 1643
T-311 Roll 27
T-312 Roll 1545

Operation Green Arrows - Occupation of the Channel Islands MOD 584
Allied Technical Intelligence Reports 1944-45
German Preparations for Invasion of the United Kingdom 1941-42
B-833, 319th Infantry Division (1941-45)
German Seacoast Defenses, European Theatre - prepared by the Seacoast Artillery Evaluation Board
Jersey Occupied by Michael Ginns - ISBN 978-1-905095-29-2
Operation Nestegg Plans
Operation Hardtack Plans
Operation Basalt Plans
RAF Photos care of The National Collection of Aerial Photography
Bundesarchiv - Multiple Photos - and Files
A Map of slave labour camps. Kindly Provided by Emilio Pérez
Photo's and information provided by fans
Onsite visits & internet research
After the Battle Multiple Magazines

If we have used any photos or information which you believe to posted without permission, please contact us at info@jerseywartours.com

Links of other excellent websites and people you must support.

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The National Trust for Jersey are a fantastic group and we can not praise them enough for the work they do. Please go support them as their vision is to permanently protect Jersey's natural beauty, rich wildlife and historic places for everyone to enjoy and experience.

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Jersey Heritage look after multiple sites most with links to the Second World War and all worth a visit. The archive they have is amazing and one of the best sources of information. It can be used online or in person and we ask you to please support all they do.

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The Channel Island Occupation Society are guardians of 5 sites which have all been restored or have been made to look like they did in the Second World War. Visits to these sites help fund the work they do and we encourage you to take a look at the opening times and visit them. They also have a wide range of books and reviews, all of which are an excellent resource for education.

GBG
Whether you are an established Battlefield Guide, retired from the craft, interested in how it is done or considering a future in guiding, the International Guild of Battlefield Guides is for you. Kimberley and Phil are both associate members and recommend you visit their website to show support.